How We Recovered All Data From an Incorrectly Rebuilt RAID Array

A RAID array, also known as a redundant array of inexpensive (or independent) disks, is a group of hard drives that are arranged to store data together. While they might not be necessary for the casual computer user, RAID arrays...
May 12, 2021

The Rapid Growth of Storage Technologies: How Data Capacities Changed (And How They’ll Keep Changing)

The history of data storage technology is truly awe inspiring. Over the course of a few decades, innovative technologies have allowed for unbelievable advances in computing, and today, we’re continuing to see incredible improvements in the tools we use to...
September 5, 2018

Cracking Passwords: 11 Password Attack Methods (And How They Work)

At, we frequently recover lost passwords for everything from Word documents and RAR files to encrypted Linux volumes (LUKS encryption) and Bitcoin wallets. Our customers often ask about our methods; do we simply try every possible password, or is...
September 18, 2017

What is the TRIM Command on Solid State Drives?

The TRIM command allows solid-state drives (SSDs) to function efficiently. An operating system tells the SSD that blocks of data aren’t in use; the SSD can then wipe out those blocks. If you’re having trouble understanding the concept of the...
January 30, 2017

How Windows Format Command Line Behavior Changed

I recently was asked to contribute to a discussion on the IT social community of Spiceworks. It started out as a question about disk formatting utilities, but by the end of the discussion, users were trying to determine what the...
November 12, 2015

How to Clone Hard Disks with ddrescue

When a hard drive starts to fail, you have a limited amount of time to take action, and many online tutorials recommend making a clone of the affected disk before it becomes completely unresponsive. At, we recommend contacting a...
August 20, 2015

Do I Need Hard Drive Data Recovery?

If you use a computer, chances are good that you’ll eventually deal with a hard drive failure. If you don’t have a working backup, you’ll need to determine whether you need a professional hard drive data recovery service or whether...
July 7, 2015

How to Recover Data from an External Hard Drive

External hard drives are helpful tools for storing large amounts of data, but like all other storage devices, they can fail (and because they’re mechanical, it’s a question of “when” rather than “if”). If your external hard drive crashes or...
July 4, 2015

Maxtor Shared Storage Device Data Recovery

This page demonstrates a common technique used to recover data from Maxtor Shared Storage devices.
July 17, 2014

Volume Slippage and Data Loss

An introduction to data slippage, an issue that often occurs when recovering failed RAID volumes.
June 24, 2014